IMO has set a limit for sulphur in fuel oil used on board ships operating outside designated Emission Control Areas (ECAs). As of 1st January 2020, the limit for sulphur in fuel oils will be 0.50% m/m (mass by mass). Once the regulation is in force, IMO expects a drop of 77% in overall sulphur oxide emissions from ships during the years 2020 to 2025.
From 1st January 2020, the limit for sulphur in fuel oil used on board ships operating outside designated emission control areas will be reduced from 3.50% m/m to 0.50% m/m. The limit set in regulation 14.1.3 of MARPOL Annex VI will reduce the amount of sulphur oxide emanating from ships and should have major health and environmental benefits for the world. Since 1st January 2015, ships operating in ECAs have a sulphur limit of 0.10% m/m. From January 2020, ships operating outside ECAs should use low-sulphur compliant fuel oil, including residual and distillate fuels. Alternatively, ships can also use gas as a fuel. Companies may also meet the upcoming emission requirements by using approved equivalent methods, such as exhaust gas cleaning systems or scrubbers, if it is approved by the ship’s flag State.
There are a number of rules and regulations in place to help reduce sulphur emissions. Officers taking on fuel oil for use on board must obtain a bunker delivery note that states the sulphur content of the fuel oil supplied. Ships must be issued with an International Air Pollution Prevention (IAPP) Certificate by their flag State. This certificate includes a section stating that the ship uses fuel oil with a sulphur content that does not exceed the applicable limit value as documented by bunker delivery notes, or uses an equivalent arrangement. Port and Coastal States can use Port State Control to verify that the ship is compliant. They could also use techniques to identify potential violations, such as surveillance to assess smoke plumes. Failure to comply with the regulations could result in vessel detention or prosecution.
Low sulphur operation Onboard Course
To help our clients prepare for the upcoming regulation, Seagull Maritime offers an onboard course on low sulphur operation. The course has been developed to put focus on operational challenges related to switching between high and ultra-low sulphur fuels. The course is targeted at engineers onboard vessels equipped with a 2-stroke slow speed engine, auxiliary engines and auxiliary boilers switching between and high and ultra-low sulphur fuels.
If you would like to learn more about Seagull Maritime’s Low sulphur operation onboard course, please follow the below link:
To learn more about Seagull Maritime’s training on low sulphur operations, please contact your dedicated Seagull account manager. Alternatively, send us a general inquiry via the link below: